Study Finds Lung Cancer Screening Significantly Improves Long-Term Survival

According to the findings, those who receive a CT screening-based diagnosis of lung cancer have an approximate 81 percent 20-year survival rate, or cure rate

A comprehensive international study that was published in Radiology found that employing low-dose computed tomography (CT) screening to identify early-stage lung cancer greatly increases the disease's cure rate over a 20-year span. Of the 1,257 individuals who received a lung cancer diagnosis, 81 per cent had stage I illness, and 87 per cent of them had an 87 per cent long-term survival rate. Ninety-five per cent of cases were diagnosed in the initial stage I (<=10mm).

In the United States, the average five-year survival rate for all lung cancer patients is 25.4 per cent because only 21 per cent of lung cancers are diagnosed at an early stage. More than half of the people with lung cancer die within one year of their diagnosis, making it the leading cause of cancer deaths. By the time symptoms appear, it is often too late. The findings are the latest to demonstrate the importance of routine early screening in detecting cancers when they are small enough to be cured. Unfortunately, fewer than 6 per cent of the people who are eligible for screening are currently getting it. "While screening doesn't prevent cancers from occurring, it is the major tool to identify lung cancers in their earliest stage when they can be cured," said the study's lead author, Claudia Henschke, PhD, MD, Professor of Diagnostic, Molecular and Interventional Radiology and Director of the Early Lung and Cardiac Action Program (ELCAP) at the Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai in New York. "Ultimately, anyone interested in being screened needs to know that if they are unfortunate enough to develop lung cancer, it can be cured if found early."

While treatments of more advanced cancers with targeted therapy and immunotherapy have come a long way, the best tool against lung cancer deaths is early diagnosis through low-dose CT screening before symptoms occur, according to the study authors. "Symptoms occur mainly in late-stage lung cancer," said co-author Rowena Yip, PhD, MPH, Senior Biostatistician of ELCAP." Thus, the best way to find early-stage lung cancer is by enrolling in an annual screening program. "The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force recommends annual lung cancer screening with low-dose CT in adults aged 50 to 80 years who have a 20-pack-year smoking history, which equals at least a pack a day for 20 years, and who currently smoke or have quit within the past 15 years. Dr. Henschke and colleagues have been studying the effectiveness of cancer detection with low-dose CT screening for years. The efforts of the researchers to advance CT screening for early lung disease led to the creation of the International Early Lung Cancer Action Program (I-ELCAP). Started in 1992, this multi-institution, multinational research program has enrolled more than 89,000 participants from over 80 institutions. In 2006, the researchers identified a 10-year survival rate of 80 per cent for the patients whose cancer was identified by CT screening. For this study, they looked at 20-year survival rates. "What we present here is the 20-year follow-up on participants in our screening program who were diagnosed with lung cancer under annual screening and subsequently treated," Dr. Henschke said. "The key finding is that even after this long a time interval they are not dying of their lung cancer. And even if new lung cancers were found over time, as long as they continued with annual screening, they could be cured." "Ultimately, the critical clinically relevant information for people interested in screening relates to understanding their chance of being diagnosed with lung cancer, and if detected during screening, how curable it would be compared to being diagnosed based on symptoms." (ANI)

Tags assigned to this article:
lung cancer screening Long-Term Survival


Around The World


One In Seven Male Gym Goers Consider Impact On Fertility: Research

Female participants meanwhile were more aware of the impact of gym lifestyle on male fertility....

High ‘Good Cholesterol’ Levels Are Linked To Increased Risk of Dementia: Study

Extremely high levels of HDL-C associated with dementia risk were unusual, unrelated to food, and more likely to be indicative of a metabolic conditio...

Exploring How Scientific Discoveries Can Deepen Our Understanding Of Spiritual Concepts

Spirituality makes us realize that the soul is a spark of unique life, the life energy that we all have...

Brain Waves Detected During Sleep Can Protect Against Epileptic Activity: Study

The study shows that slow waves present in the brain can protect against epilepsy's heightened brain excitability...

Debunking Myths Around Suicide

Just like any other social issue, prevention work needs to start with a thorough understanding of the issue. Unfortunately, conversations around suici...

From Chaos To Calm: My Spiritual Awakening With Guruji

Rahul Dev shares his journey of spirituality in this materialistic world that has been a source of fulfilling life ...

Quick Connect With BW Wellness

Subscribe Our Newsletter