Seasonal affective disorder in women

Researchers have found that women are much more likely to experience seasonal variations in the form of depressive symptoms

For people who live with seasonal affective disorder, winter can bring much more than just force winds and snow; it may trigger feelings of hopelessness and depression. 

Researchers have found that women are much more likely to experience seasonal variations in the form of depressive symptoms.  Symptoms of SAD include feelings of depression, worthlessness, low energy, fatigue, and lack of interest, changes in sleep cycle, crying spells and more. It usually begins in the fall and subsides by the summer months, but the opposite patterns exist as well.

1 in every 4 women is known to be suffering from depression, in contrast to 1 in 10 men. Such variations have been noticed in the case of Seasonal Affective Disorder as well, although the reasons remain unknown. Scientists have put forward certain theories on roles that might have been played by certain hormones and neurotransmitters particularly or more in the case of women than in men.  Reduction of neurotransmitter Serotonin leads to depression and similar connections are being tested for SAD. 

The change in season is also believed to control individual’s sleep cycle as well as mood, by altering the levels of melatonin in the body. Some researchers have also suggested that exposure to sunlight is another controlling factor of the illness, reduction of exposure in winter season might prevail seasonal affective disorder.

In our society, mental health is never treated like a concern or priority. Depression or illness, which does not exactly show “society-accepted” symptoms of a disease equally need attention. It is important to notice the symptoms of depression, and as they interrupt daily life, reaching out for help is the best solution. Certain healthy living measures like, increasing exposure to sunlight, exercises and being more outdoors can prove to be beneficial. Moreover, working on your thoughts and feelings rather than suppressing them through various behavioural therapies and activities increase positive energy and motivation.  

Seasonal affective disorder is a treatable condition and seeking help to manage the impact of the symptoms as early as possible, ensures better chances of revival and less damage to the individual’s health as well as relations. Support systems in the form of friends, family, loved ones always turn out to be a great help. In case of any difficulty, identification of symptoms, it is important to voice out to people around you immediately. 

Tags assigned to this article:
Mental Health depression Kamna Chhibber


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